Do you have trouble organizing your thoughts, coming up with fresh ideas, or remembering complex information? If yes, you’ll find mind maps quite beneficial for your work.

Mind maps can help you learn and remember more effectively by tapping into your brain’s visual processing abilities.

Whether you are a business executive, an adult learner, or just someone who wants to improve your thinking skills, this post will show you what are mind maps, how to draw them, and how they can boost your learning, creativity, and work performance.

What are mind maps?

A mind map is a visual tool for organizing ideas. It consists of a central idea and is linked to other ideas. A mind map can have many levels of hierarchy, depending on how deep you want to go into a topic, and has keywords, images, colors, symbols, and other elements to make it more expressive and memorable.

A mind map differs from other visual tools like diagrams, charts, and graphs in that it is not limited by a predefined structure or format. You can create a mind map in a way that suits your style and preference.

You can also use different types of mind maps for different purposes. Other forms of mind maps such as freeform mind maps are good for brainstorming, concept maps are effective for organizing thoughts and relationships, outlining mind maps for planning and writing, and AI-powered mind maps for providing insights and suggestions.

How to draw a mind map?

Drawing a mind map is easy and fun. You can use a software tool or pen and paper to create a mind map. Here are some steps and tips on how to draw a mind map using a software tool:

1. Select a software tool that meets your requirements. There are many mind-mapping software applications available. Some are free or low-cost, some offer more features and customization options, and some have more templates and integrations with other apps. You should compare their features and select the software that works best for you.

2. Start with a central idea representing the main topic you want to explore. You can type the central idea in a bubble or use an image or icon to represent it. You can also choose a color or font that matches the theme or mood of your topic. If you prefer to draw a mind map manually instead of using software, you can draw the image or icon representing the central idea.

3. Add sub-ideas or information that relate to your central idea. You can do this by clicking on the main central idea and dragging a line to create a new branch. This can be done by using keyboard shortcuts to add branches quickly. You can type keywords or phrases on the branches or use images or icons to illustrate them. Colors and fonts can also be used to differentiate between different types of information or categories.

4. Connect related ideas or information with lines or connectors. You can do this by clicking on one branch and dragging a line to another branch. You can use different types of lines or connectors to show different types of relationships, such as causal, logical, temporal, or hierarchical.

5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until you have covered all the relevant information for your topic. You can add as many levels of detail as you want, depending on how complex or comprehensive your mind map is. You can also rearrange, edit, delete, or move branches until you are satisfied with the structure and layout of your mind map.

6. Enhance your mind map with additional elements to make it more attractive and memorable. You can add notes, comments, links, attachments, emojis, stickers, audio clips, videos, etc., to enrich your mind map with more information or context. You can also use themes, styles, backgrounds, borders, etc., to customize the appearance of your mind map.

Here is an example of a mind map that is drawn manually using colored pens and paper:

Mind Maps: Selling shoes

In the above hand-drawn mind map, “How to Sell Shoes?” is the central idea. Some of the ideas relating to the central idea are “Market Location”, “Competitive Advantages”, and “Gender.” Sub-ideas relating to “Gender” are “Male”, “Female”, and “Children”.

How to use mind maps?

Mind maps have a wide range of applications. They can be used for:


When you need to generate new ideas, use a freeform mind map to capture all your thoughts without worrying about order or logic. You can add or remove ideas, or simply shift ideas where you think they fit. For even more ideas, you can use an AI-powered mind map to get suggestions and insights from artificial intelligence based on your input.


Mind maps are great for taking/making notes from lectures, books, articles, podcasts, and videos. You can use it to organize the main points and details of what you learned in a logical and hierarchical manner. When drawn correctly, you will find mind maps more effective than typical (linear) notes at remembering and reviewing information.

Making summaries

You can use a mind map to summarise or highlight the main ideas and facts of a topic and show how they are connected and related. You can use it to compare and contrast different points of view or arguments on a topic. When you use mind maps, you will them more effective in helping you understand the main points of a topic than using text or bullet points.


Many people find mind maps more effective in planning their activities than using calendars and to-do lists. To help you in planning, you can use a mind map to break down your plan into manageable steps and sub-steps. By assigning priority, deadlines, and resources to these sub-steps, you can visualize your desired outcomes and potential risks or challenges.


You can use mind maps for problem-solving, analyzing the root causes and effects of a problem, and identifying possible solutions. You can also use it to weigh the benefits and drawbacks of each solution and select the best one depending on your criteria.

These are just some of the ways you can use mind maps for learning and creativity. There are many more applications, which is why author Tony Buzan, the person who started the mind mapping technique, calls it the Swiss Army knife of the brain.

What are some common mistakes when drawing a mind map?

Some common mistakes you should avoid when drawing mind maps are:

Using only words

Mind maps are more effective when they include words and images, as this takes advantage of the dual coding principle that helps the brain process and remembers information better. Images also make mind maps more engaging, expressive, and memorable. Use keywords, icons, symbols, or diagrams to illustrate your ideas, instead of writing long sentences or paragraphs.

Using too many words

Mind maps should be clear and concise, not cluttered and confusing. When you use too many words, you make your mind map hard to read and understand. This can also overload your working memory with irrelevant information. Try to use only the most important and relevant words for each idea, and avoid repeating or explaining the same information.

Making it too pretty

Mind maps are thinking tools, not art projects. Spending too much time on the style and appearance of your mind map can cause you to lose sight of the content and purpose of your mind map. While it is good to make your mind map attractive and appealing, you should not sacrifice the quality or clarity of your information for the sake of aesthetics. Focus on the structure and meaning of your mind map first, and then add some colors or themes if you want to enhance it. While images can complement and support the words, having too many images can make the mind map confusing and complicated.

Not organizing information

Mind maps are not random collections of bubbles and lines; rather, they are organized and logical representations of information. When you use design principles like hierarchy, grouping, spacing, alignment, etc., you structure your material in a way that makes sense and shows the relationships between ideas. Using different types of lines or connectors can also help you show different types of relationships, such as causal, logical, chronological, or hierarchical.

Not including other diagrams

Mind maps are not the only visual thinking tools for learning and creating. Other diagrams, such as charts, graphs, tables, and flowcharts, can sometimes help you present or analyze information more effectively. You can combine these diagrams with your mind map to create a more comprehensive and effective visual representation of your topic. For example, you can use a chart to show statistics or trends relating to your central idea, or a flowchart to show the steps or processes in your solution.


Mind maps are powerful tools for learning and creativity. You can use them to structure information and generate ideas in a visual way that matches how your brain works. As they have a simple and hierarchical structure, you can go as deep or as broad as you want on any topic.

You can create mind maps using mind-mapping software or draw them manually using pen and paper. Many people find the latter helps them remember their mind maps more effectively than using mind-mapping software.

I hope this blog post has inspired you to try mind mapping for yourself. It is a fantastic tool that will improve your performance at work.

For more information, check out our mind mapping workshop where we will teach you how mind maps can improve your learning, creativity, and work performance.


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